New clinical trial of Armour Thyroid is recruiting U.S. patients

Page 3

Page 1Page 2Page 3 (references)


Allergan. (2019, October 11). A Study of Armour® Thyroid Compared to Synthetic T4 (Levothyroxine) in Previously Hypothyroid Participants—Full Text View— Retrieved December 30, 2019, from

Allergan. (2018, June). Armour® Thyroid (thyroid tablets, USP) [Product prescribing information]. Retrieved from

Busnardo, B., Bui, F., & Girelli, M. E. (1983). Different rates of thyrotropin suppression after total body scan in patients with thyroid cancer: Effect of an optimal saturation regimen with thyroxine or triiodothyronine. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 6(6), 455–461.

Busnardo, B, Girelli, M. E., Bui, F., Zanatta, G. P., & Cimitan, M. (1980). Twenty-four hour variations of triiodothyronine (T3) levels in patients who had thyroid ablation for thyroid cancer, receiving T3 as suppressive treatment. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 3(4), 353–356.

Celi, F. S., Zemskova, M., Linderman, J. D., Babar, N. I., Skarulis, M. C., Csako, G., … Pucino, F. (2010). The pharmacodynamic equivalence of levothyroxine and liothyronine. A randomized, double blind, cross-over study in thyroidectomized patients. Clinical Endocrinology, 72(5), 709–715.

Celi, F. S., Zemskova, M., Linderman, J. D., Smith, S., Drinkard, B., Sachdev, V., … Pucino, F. (2011). Metabolic effects of liothyronine therapy in hypothyroidism: A randomized, double-blind, crossover trial of liothyronine versus levothyroxine. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 96(11), 3466–3474.

Dumitrescu, A., & Refetoff, S. (2013). Reduced sensitivity to thyroid hormone: Defects of transport, metabolism, and action. In L. E. Braverman & D. S. Cooper (Eds.), Werner & Ingbar’s the thyroid: A fundamental and clinical text (10th ed..). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health.

Hoang, T. D., Olsen, C. H., Mai, V. Q., Clyde, P. W., & Shakir, M. K. M. (2013). Desiccated Thyroid Extract Compared With Levothyroxine in the Treatment of Hypothyroidism: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Crossover Study. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 98(5), 1982–1990.

Hoermann, R., Midgley, J. E. M., Larisch, R., & Dietrich, J. W. (2018). The role of functional thyroid capacity in pituitary thyroid feedback regulation. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 48(10), e13003.

Hoermann, R., Midgley, J. E. M., Larisch, R., & Dietrich, J. W. (2019a). Functional and Symptomatic Individuality in the Response to Levothyroxine Treatment. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 10.

Hoermann, R., Midgley, J. E. M., Larisch, R., & Dietrich, J. W. (2019b). Individualised requirements for optimum treatment of hypothyroidism: Complex needs, limited options. Drugs in Context, 8, 1–18.

Ito, M., Kawasaki, M., Danno, H., Kohsaka, K., Nakamura, T., Hisakado, M., … Miyauchi, A. (2019). Serum Thyroid Hormone Balance in Levothyroxine Monotherapy-Treated Patients with Atrophic Thyroid After Radioiodine Treatment for Graves’ Disease. Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association.

Ito, M., Miyauchi, A., Hisakado, M., Yoshioka, W., Ide, A., Kudo, T., … Amino, N. (2017). Biochemical Markers Reflecting Thyroid Function in Athyreotic Patients on Levothyroxine Monotherapy. Thyroid, 27(4), 484–490.

Ito, M., Miyauchi, A., Hisakado, M., Yoshioka, W., Kudo, T., Nishihara, E., … Nakamura, H. (2019). Thyroid function related symptoms during levothyroxine monotherapy in athyreotic patients. Endocrine Journal, 66(11).

Ito, M., Miyauchi, A., Kang, S., Hisakado, M., Yoshioka, W., Ide, A., … Amino, N. (2015). Effect of the presence of remnant thyroid tissue on the serum thyroid hormone balance in thyroidectomized patients. European Journal of Endocrinology, 173(3), 333–340.

Ito, M., Miyauchi, A., Morita, S., Kudo, T., Nishihara, E., Kihara, M., … Amino, N. (2012). TSH-suppressive doses of levothyroxine are required to achieve preoperative native serum triiodothyronine levels in patients who have undergone total thyroidectomy. European Journal of Endocrinology, 167, 373–378. 10.1530/EJE-11-1029

Jackson, I. M., & Cobb, W. E. (1978). Why does anyone still use desiccated thyroid USP? The American Journal of Medicine, 64(2), 284–288.

Koutras, D. A., Malamitsi, J., Souvatzoglou, A., Piperingos, G. D., Livadas, D. P., Boukis, M., … Moulopoulos, S. D. (1981). Relative ineffectiveness of exogenous triiodothyronine as a thyroid suppressive agent. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 4(3), 343–347.

Larisch, R., Midgley, J. E. M., Dietrich, J. W., & Hoermann, R. (2018). Symptomatic Relief is Related to Serum Free Triiodothyronine Concentrations during Follow-up in Levothyroxine-Treated Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes: Official Journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association, 126(9), 546–552.

Midgley, J. E. M., Larisch, R., Dietrich, J. W., & Hoermann, R. (2015). Variation in the biochemical response to l-thyroxine therapy and relationship with peripheral thyroid hormone conversion efficiency. Endocrine Connections, 4(4), 196–205.

Takasu, N., & Matsushita, M. (2012). Changes of TSH-Stimulation Blocking Antibody (TSBAb) and Thyroid Stimulating Antibody (TSAb) Over 10 Years in 34 TSBAb-Positive Patients with Hypothyroidism and in 98 TSAb-Positive Graves’ Patients with Hyperthyroidism: Reevaluation of TSBAb and TSAb in TSH-Receptor-Antibody (TRAb)-Positive Patients. Journal of Thyroid Research, 2012, 182176.

Tariq, A., Wert, Y., Cheriyath, P., & Joshi, R. (2018). Effects of Long-Term Combination LT4 and LT3 Therapy for Improving Hypothyroidism and Overall Quality of Life. Southern Medical Journal, 111(6), 363–369.

Yavuz, S., Linderman, J. D., Smith, S., Zhao, X., Pucino, F., & Celi, F. S. (2013). The Dynamic Pituitary Response to Escalating-Dose TRH Stimulation Test in Hypothyroid Patients Treated With Liothyronine or Levothyroxine Replacement Therapy. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 98(5), E862–E866.

Navigate pages

Page 1Page 2Page 3 (references)

Leave a public reply here, on our website.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.